TUTORIAL 4 - Calculating PG and VG ratios
Pre-Note: I recommend the use of protective equipment such as latex gloves when undertaking mixing of e-liquids. Furthermore, I recommend the use of a clean and dedicated mixing area to prevent cross contaminations, with adequate spill control and clean up equipment.
How do I know how to get to my desired VG/PG ratio?
I have mixed my flavour components and nicotine, and now I need to calculate my VG/PG additions to get to a 70/30 mix – what about a 50/50 mix, or a 25/75 mix?
Well, much the same as working out flavour addition volumes, this again is a matter of calculating percentages.
You will note that in the last tutorial, I made a note of what volume of total flavour I had put into my mix.
Presumably, in my bottle I now have known volumes of the following:
1. Nic base; and,
2. PG based flavourings (for VG based flavourings the method will need to be tweaked a little bit, for alcohol based flavourings, I count them as PG in calculations, as they are usually oils dissolved in alcohol for the purposes of diluting in PG to make the concentrate and therefore alcohol is negligible for the purposes of simple calculations).
But how do I know how much extra VG and PG to add to my bottle….
Well, here goes…. The holistic mix calculation will be as follows-
PG is Propylene Glycol
VG is Vegetable Glycerine
CONCENTRATES is your total volume in concentrates; and,
NIC is your addition of nic base.
Lets work on the basis of a 30mL bottle in the first instance, and aim for a 70VG / 30PG mix.
So we know that for our total end mix volume, we need 9mL of total PG in the mix to make it 30%.
And conversely, we need 21mL of VG to make it 70%.
But we already have flavourings and nic in our bottle you say!
Yes we do, and we know their volumes, and they are all parts of the PG portion of the mix (assuming you use PG base nic).
So, working on from the Raspberry Limeaide recipe in the last tutorial, and the 24mg nic example in the first tutorial we have already got the following in our mixing bottle/beaker:
4.8mL of PG nic base.
2.1mL of PG based flavouring concentrates.
And we know we have 6.9mL of PG already in the bottle once the flavour concentrates and nic have been added.
Now, we know that to get to 30% PG in our end mix, we need 9mL, and that we already have 6.9mL in the bottle, so:
We need to add another 2.1mL of pure PG to the mix.
The last step in this example is easy, as it is simply the addition of a full 21mL of pure VG to the bottle.
A perfect 70VG/30VG mix.
Slotted into the equation 1 (above) this is:
Now, let’s try a different example.
We’ll aim for a 50mL bottle, of 50VG/50PG ratio, with 3mg nic strength (from 36mg base), and using the Ichigo Keki recipe-
First, let’s find 50% of our 50mL end volume:
Which, in this case, will be the same for both VG and PG, so we know that the total we are aiming for is 25mL of VG, and 25mL of PG in our 50mL mix.
Working from tutorials 1 and 2:
I have 36mg nic base, and want an end product containing 3mg nic, therefore using Tutorial number 2 need 4.2mL of PG based nic solution.
From the recipe, and using Tutorial number 3, I know I need 8.75mL of total PG based flavour concentrates for the recipe.
And knowing that we need 25mL of PG for a 50/50 mix:
We need to add a further 12.05mL of pure PG to the bottle.
Again, the last step is easy as it is simply an addition of 25mL of pure VG to the bottle.
All of the above slotted into equation 1 this is: